Uestion 1 17. when are crime and deviance dysfunctional? a. they

UESTION 1

17. When are crime and deviance dysfunctional?

A.

They provide temporary safety

B.

They create trust in poor relationships

C.

They erode trust in formal relationships

D.

They dissolve tensions

4 points   

QUESTION 2

5. Which of the following, created in 1978, made it illegal for employers to fire, demote, or penalize a pregnant employee?

A.

Equal Pay Act

B.

Fertility Enhancement Act

C.

Pregnancy Discrimination Act

D.

Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act

4 points   

QUESTION 3

13. Riley, a medical assistant, earns $49,000 annually. She decided to move from the emergency department to the pediatrics department for about the same salary. Riley has experienced:

A.

horizontal mobility.

B.

vertical mobility.

C.

intergenerational mobility.

D.

intragenerational mobility.

4 points   

QUESTION 4

7. Opposition to same-sex marriage is highest among which of the following groups?

A.

Persons who live on the East coast

B.

Persons who live in the North West

C.

Persons age 55 and older

D.

Persons age 40-54

4 points   

QUESTION 5

23. The terms “society” and “culture” are:

A.

mutually dependent.

B.

independent

C.

mutually exclusive.

D.

literal opposites.

4 points   

QUESTION 6

15. Men are _________ likely to be victim of a homicide, robbery, or aggravated assault than women.

A.

equally

B.

more

C.

less

D.

slightly less

4 points   

QUESTION 7

Pam was inviting children to her daughter’s birthday party. She invited all of her neighbors, except the new family, the Chos, who recently moved from South Korea. By not inviting the Cho family, Pam exhibited:

A.

discrimination.

B.

prejudice.

C.

stereotyping.

D.

scapegoating.

4 points   

QUESTION 8

Gender identity is typically developed:

A.

during adolescents.

B.

early in life.

C.

after puberty.

D.

during young adulthood.

4 points   

QUESTION 9

14. Which of the following statements about crime is true?

A.

Property crime is more prevalent than violent crime.

B.

There are more arrests for violent crimes than for property crimes

C.

There are more arrests for victimless crimes than for violent crimes

D.

There are more arrests for victimless crimes than for violent crimes

4 points   

QUESTION 10

16. Bryan’s mother taught him to be kind and honest. When faced with the opportunity for dishonesty, Bryan remembered his mother’s words and was honest. What does Bryan’s behavior illustrate?

A.

Informal social controls

B.

Internal social controls

C.

External social controls

D.

Formal social controls

4 points   

QUESTION 11

19. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a formal organization?

A.

Social statues and roles are organized around shared expectations and goals.

B.

Norms governing social relationships specify the members’ rights.

C.

A formal hierarchy includes leaders or people who are “in charge.”

D.

Social structure is informal and contingent upon the members’ experiences.

4 points   

QUESTION 12

Race:physical characteristics::ethnicity:

A.

environmental characteristics

B.

actual characteristics

C.

emotional characteristics

D.

cultural characteristics

4 points   

QUESTION 13

22. When her father gets mad at her mother, Ellen’s father yells at her mother. Now, when Ellen gets mad, she yells. This is an example of:

A.

modeling.

B.

indirect learning.

C.

primary socialization.

D.

secondary socialization.

4 points   

QUESTION 14

11. Stephanie is a best-selling author of children’s books. While she makes a very good income, she has very little power or prestige. This is an example of:

A.

status inconsistency.

B.

role conflict.

C.

role reversal.

D.

status conflict.

4 points   

QUESTION 15

The hierarchical ranking of people who have different access to valued resources is referred to as:

A.

inequality.

B.

social stratification.

C.

dependency.

D.

social networking.

4 points   

QUESTION 16

25. C. Wright Mills introduced the concept of the “sociological imagination.” He used this term to describe the connection between:

A.

history and the physical environment.

B.

biography and the physical environment.

C.

man and biography.

D.

historical issues and biography.

4 points   

QUESTION 17

21. Marlin is a 33 year-old male and an avid swimmer. He has competed in several national championships. Marlin is also the father of three young children, and is married to Peggy, a computer engineer. Marlin and Peggy live in the suburbs and own a nice home. What type of status is Marlin’s gender?

A.

Achieved

B.

Earned

C.

Master

D.

Ascribed

4 points   

QUESTION 18

18. Your sociology class this semester is an example of a/an:

A.

primary group.

B.

out-group.

C.

ideal group.

D.

secondary group.

4 points   

QUESTION 19

20. At the Barkley Company, there are forty employees. Addison is the President and CEO. Below her, Jack and Ross are managers. The thirty-seven others work below the managers in the storeroom or on the show floor. Which of Weber’s ideal characteristics does this scenario exemplify?

A.

Explicit written rules and regulations

B.

Division of labor and specialization

C.

Hierarchy of authority

D.

Impersonality

4 points   

QUESTION 20

Language, geographic roots, traditions, and religion are all components of:

A.

ethnicity.

B.

colonialism.

C.

assimilation.

D.

race.

4 points   

QUESTION 21

9. Sociologists use which of the following dimensions as indicators of social stratification?

A.

Gender

B.

Age

C.

Education

D.

Wealth

4 points   

QUESTION 22

10. More prestigious occupations require:

A.

less abstract thought than low prestige occupations.

B.

more technical training than low prestige occupations.

C.

less technical training than low prestige occupations.

D.

more formal education than low prestige occupations.

4 points   

QUESTION 23

6. Which of the following is NOT a sexual orientation?

A.

Heterosexual

B.

Asexual

C.

Bisexual

D.

Androsexual

4 points   

QUESTION 24

24. Every ten years, the U.S. Census Bureau mails forms to every home in the United States to collect federally mandated data. Which data collection methods is the Census Bureau using?

A.

Survey

B.

Field research

C.

Evaluation research

D.

Secondary Analysis

4 points   

QUESTION 25

12. Which social class is known as the one that most American’s classify themselves as including those with annual incomes below $20,000 and those with annual incomes above $150,000?

A.

Under class

B.

Upper class

C.

Middle class

D.

Working class

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