R s 150 | Reading homework help

1. The goal of Hindu religion is to attain:

A. Yoga

B. Nirvana

C. Moksha

D. Samsara

 

2. In the religious tradition of India, the doctrine of non-violence is called

A. Karma,

B. Yoga,

C. Ahimsa,

D. Atman2

 

3. In the Indian Pantheon, the deity par excellence of intellectuals, writers and

artists is

A. Brahman

B. Kali

C. Sarasvati

D. Vishnu

 

4. In the Indian Caste system, the word “Varna” means

A. Birth

B. Race

C. Color

D. Breed

 

5. The oldest Hindu Sacred Text is known as

A. UPANISHAD

B. RAMAYANA

C.VEDA

D. BHAGAVAD GITA

 

6. In China the notion of God is referred to as

A. TIEN

B. KAMI

C. TIEN-MING

D. YIN-YANG

 

7. Most Hindus belong to two major religious groups, divided into the worship of

one of the following deities

A. BRAHMAN and BRAHMA

B. SHIVA AND KRISHNA

C. VISHNU AND SHIVA

D. KALI AND BRAHMAN3

 

8. “Mortal men believe that gods are begotten, and that they have the dress, voice,

 

and body of mortals. The Ethiopians claim that their gods are snub-nosed and

black; the Thracians, that theirs are blue-eyed and red-headed. If Oxen, horses, or

lions had hands with which to sketch and fashion works of art as men do. Then

horses would draw the forms of gods like horses, oxen like oxen, and they would

each make their gods’ bodies similar in frame to the bodies that they themselves

possess… No! One god there is, greatest among gods and humankind, in no way

like mortals in body or in the thought of his mind. In his entirety, he sees; in his

entirety, he thinks; in his entirety, he hears. Always in the same place, he remains,

moving not at all; it is not fitting that he should shift about now here and, then,

elsewhere. But holding aloof from toil, he sets all things aquiver with the thought of

his mind.”

This view was formulated by the following ancient Philosopher

A. Socrates

B. Plato

C. Xenophanes

D. Aristotle

 

9. Etymologically the word Nirvana means

A. Paradise in Buddhist religion

B. Eternal Life

C. to “cool off” or blow out the fire of passion

D. Enlightenment

 

10. Identify the assertion that is correct:

A. Religious tolerance was invented by the US Bill of Rights and by the

American Founding Fathers

B. Religious tolerance was already promoted in India before the birth of Jesus and

in many other parts of the world

C. Religious Tolerance is a Western idea promoted by the American “Melting

Pot,” but unknown to other countries, especially those ruled by non-democratic

governments

D. Religious Tolerance was invented by the United Nations’ Declaration of

Human Rights

 

11. At the beginning of the 20th century almost 80% of the world’s Christians

were Caucasian, and just over 80% lived in Europe and North America. However

now Christianity has become a “third world religion.” Indeed, now white

Christians constitute only about

A. 50% of world Christianity

B. 43%

C. 60%

D. 20%4

 

12. Identify the assertion that is false

A. Islam teaches that there is still sexual activity in Heaven

 

B. Christians believe that there is no marriage and no sexual activity in Heaven

C. Buddha is the God of Buddhists

D. Christians believe in the resurrection of the body

 

13. Judaism changed radically from Biblical Hebrew practices to Rabbinic

Judaism when the Temple of Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans in

A. 90 B.C.E.

B. 90 A.D.

C. 70 B.C.E.

D. 70 C.E.

 

14. Identify the assertion that is true

A. There are more Christians in Africa than in North America (i.e. US and

Canada)

B. In the US, most Arab immigrants are Muslim

C. The US is the most religiously diverse country in the world

D. In the US there are less Atheists than members of all non-Christian religions

combined.

 

15. The top 4 Christian countries in the world (in 2005-2007) were

A. USA, England, China, Brazil

B. USA, China, Canada, Brazil

C. USA, Brazil, China, Mexico

D. USA, Mexico, Brazil, China

 

16. According to most researchers, in less than 50 years (around 2050) the

majority of the top ten Christian countries in the world will be found in

A. Europe

B. Asia

C. Latin America

D. Africa

 

17. Around 50% of all Christians (in the world) are

A. Protestant

B. Orthodox

C. Catholic

D. Anglican5

 

18. The Ancient Hindu practice of burning alive

the widow on the funeral pyre of her dead husband is called

A. Sati,

B. Purdah,

C. Samskara,

D.Bhakti

 

19. Identify the assertion that is false

 

A. Hindu women won the right to vote in advance of British women

B. the word Vedanta means “the end of the Vedas” and is applied to the

Upanishads

C. Gandhi’s spirituality was influenced largely by his reading of Baghavad Gita,

rather than the Bible or the Koran

D. The Indian caste system kept women below men in such a way that women

gained the right to vote only thanks to the emancipatory force of Christianity

introduced by British missionaries. British women were emancipated and gained

the right to vote several years before Indian women.

 

20. In the USA, all non-Christian religions combined (including Judaism, Islam,

Buddhism, Hinduism, Santeria, Wicca, etc) constitute around

A. 10% of US population

B. 5% of US population

C. 15% of US population

D. None of the above

Note: Atheists are not considered here

 

21. Identify the assertion that is false:

A. The Laws of Manu were compiled by the Brahmins between 200 BC and 200

CE

B. The Sacred texts of Shintoism were written almost 700 years after the birth of

Jesus

C. Confucius taught the Golden Rule more than 400 years before the birth of

Jesus

D. The Bible is the oldest sacred text in the world

 

22. The “Analects” are the sacred text of the following religion:

A. Taoism

B. Confucianism

C. Mahayana Buddhism

D. Shintoism6

 

23. The word YOGA is derived from the Sanskrit root YUJ which literally means

A. To meditate

B. To follow a spiritual discipline

C. To join

D. To pursue a goal

 

24. The following religions never produced a US President, except:

A. Quakerism

B. Pentecostalism

C Lutheranism

D. Orthodox Church

 

25. In Hinduism the notion of a God beyond attributes, a God beyond personlike

qualities is known as

A. Saguna Brahman

B. Nirguna Brahman

C. Kalki

D. Brahma

 

26. “Mirror” is used as an important religious symbol in the following religion:

A. Taoism

B. Confucianism

C. Jainism

D. Shintoism

 

27. In the practice of Yoga, the highest state of concentration or meditation, when

the mind is one with the divine is known as

A. Sadhu

B. Sannyasin

C. Samadhi

D. Samsara

 

28. Members of the lowest caste group once called “untouchables” were renamed

“harijans” by Mahatma Gandhi.

This word “Harijans” means

a.Redeemed ones

b.Sons of Brahmin

c.God’s chosen ones

d.Children of God7

 

29. The Bhagavad-Gita is a section of the following corpus of Hindu sacred texts:

A. Vedas

B. Vedanta

C. Mahabharata

D. Ramayana

 

30. The word “Buddha” means

A. God

B. Savior,

C. The Enlightened one,

D. A prophet

 

31. The Chinese philosophy of “following the wisdom of water” or “inactive

action” is known as

A. WEN

B. WU-WEI

C. TIEN

 

D. TIEN-MING

 

32. Identify the assertion that is false

A. The word Jain means “victor”

B. Jainism rejected asceticism

C. Jainism is the religion of non-violence par excellence

D. Sikhism attempted to reconcile Sufi Islam and Hinduism

 

33. The notion of apophatic theology applies well to the following Taoist

statement:

A. The Tao that can be expressed is not the Eternal Tao

B. “Govern a great State as you would cook a small fish”

C. Do away with learning, and grief will not be known.

D. Do away with sageness and eject wisdom, and the people will be more

benefited a hundred times.

 

34. “Govern a great State as you would cook a small fish.” This wise statement is

attributed to

A. Confucius

B. Jesus

C. Lao-Tzu

D. Buddha8

 

35. The Chinese vision that the teachings of Buddhism, Confucianism, and

Taoism constitute one single religion is referred to by the following notion

a.Feng-shui

b.San-jiaoheyi

c.Shun-Tzu

d.Wu-wei

 

36. The Chinese religious art that involves determining the Yin-Yang “bearings”

of locations for houses, businesses, tombs, and temples, as well as the

arrangements of rooms and the objects within them is known as

a.Fengliu

b.Feng-shui

c.Daijo-sai

d.San-jiaoheyi

 

37. Identify the assertion that is correct

According to the Chinese “Yin-Yang” theory,

A. Yin is male and symbolized by the dragon

B. Yin is female and symbolized by the tiger

C. Yang is female and symbolized by the dragon

D. Yang is female and symbolized by the tiger

 

38. In the US, people who do not believe in God (agnostics and atheists)constitute around

A. 1 percent of the total US population

B. 10 percent

C. 20 percent

D. None of the above

 

39. Around 80% of Japanese population practice

A. Shintoism and Confucianism

B. Buddhism and Confucianism

C. Buddhism and Shintoism

D. Shintoism and Christianity

 

40.The most important supreme deity of Japan is

A. Kami

B. JimmuTenno

C. Amaterasu

D. Magokoro9

 

41. The Art of Peace is known in Chinese spirituality as

A. Yin-Yang

B. Wen

C. Wu-Wei

D. Tao

 

42. President Obama is

A. a Muslim

B. a Christian

C. an Agnostic

D. an Atheist

 

43. The following President belonged to the same branch of Christianity as Martin

Luther King.

A. Jimmy Carter

B. Bill Clinton

C. Barack Obama

D. Georges Bush

 

44. Critical thinking is not antithetical to faith. In fact it has a solid foundation in

the Bible itself, especially in the following texts:

A. 2 Peter 3, 13-17 and 1 Peter 1, 1-11

B. 1Timothy 1, 3-11 and 2 Timothy 3,16

C. 1 Cor 13, 1-13

D. None of the above

 

45. “Man makes Religion, religion does not make man… religion is the opium of the people.” These words have as author.

A. Max Weber

B. Karl Marx

C. Nietzsche

D. Machiavelli

 

46. “In reality, there are no religions which are false. All are true in their own

fashion; all answer, though in different ways, to the given conditions of human

existence.”

This statement was formulated by the following scholar of religion:

A. Max Weber

B. Emile Durkheim

C. Clifford Geertz

D. Sigmund Freud10

 

47. “What the privileged classes require of religion is the psychological

reassurance as to the legitimacy or deservedness of their economic status.”

The author of this statement is .

A. Karl Marx

B. Max Weber

C. Auguste Comte

D. Sigmund Freud

 

48. The attitude of attributing to God human qualities and vices is known as

A. Iconoclasm

B. Blasphemy

C. Marcionism

D. Anthropomorphism

 

49. Sati was made illegal in India

A. after independence in 1947

B. in 1829

C. in 1929

D. in 1729

 

50. Hindu spirituality teaches that genuine religious people must “act for the

welfare of the world.” This spiritual ideal is known as

A. Ahimsa

B. Lokasangraha

C. Satyagraha

D. Karma

 

51. The word “Religion” comes etymologically from the following language

A. Greek

B. Hebrew

C. Latin

D. Sanskrit

 

52. “Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this

right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone

or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or

belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.”

This words are found in the following document

A. US Declaration of Independenc

B. The US Bill of Rights

C. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, article 18

D. The 2nd article of the Charter of the United Nations11

 

53. “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or

prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the

press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the

Government for a redress of grievances.”

These words are found in the following document:

A. the 10th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

B. the 2nd Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

C. the U.S. Declaration of Independence

D. the introduction to the US Constitution

 

54. People are forbidden the farm the land for fear of destroying life in the

following religious tradition

A. Taoism

B. Confucianism

C. Buddhism

D. Jainism

 

55. Japan is a melting pot of religious ideas; its traditional religious landscape is

largely influenced by spiritualities from

A. England and the United States

B. China and India

C. China and the US

D. China and Germany

 

56. Although the spirituality of non-violence is found in almost all the major

religions developed in India, it found its most radical expression in the following

religious tradition

A. Hinduism

B. Sikhism

C. Jainism

D. Buddhism

 

57. The traditions of “Naked Saints” is largely found in the following religion

A. Buddhism

B. Sikhism

C. Jainism

D. None of the above12

 

58. Identify the US President who was at some point in his life a Jehovah’s

Witness

*A. Dwight D. Eisenhower

B. Herbert Hoover

C. Richard Nixon

D. Franklin Delano Roosevelt

59. The fundamental religious ideal in Shinto spirituality is Magokoro .

This word means

A. Balance and Harmony with nature

B. Rituals of purification from evil spirits

C. Pure heart

D. loving the deities and offering them sacrifices regularly

 

60. Identify the assertion that is correct

A. The first national Shinto shrine was established in Tokyo during the 6th century

B.C

B. Shinto was created as a religion during the 6th century A.D.

C. In Japan Christians constitute around 8% of the population

D. The sacred texts of Shinto were written during the 8th century A.D.

 

61. The current US senate is largely dominated (in a demographic sense) by members

from the following religious traditions:

A. Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, Judaism, and Mormonism

B. Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, Buddhism, and Judaism

C. Judaism, Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, and the Orthodox Church

D. Judaism, Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, and Islam

 

62. With regard to Christianity, the current 112th US Congress is largely dominated (in a

demographic sense) by members from the following Christian Churches

A. Baptist, Methodist, and Presbyterian Churches

B. Episcopal, Presbyterian and Luther Churches

C. Lutheran, Pentecostal, and Episcopal Churches

D. Catholic, Mormon, and Orthodox Churches13

63. From 1961 to 2011 the religious landscape trend shows that the US Congress has

been largely dominated (in a demographic sense) by members from

A. The Episcopal Church

B. The Catholic Church

C. Judaism

 

D. The Baptist Church

64. Identify the assertion that is correct

A. In the US Buddhists constitute 2% of total US population

B. In the US Buddhists constitute less than 2% of total US population

C. In the US Buddhists constitute more than 2% of total US population

D. In the US, Buddhists constitute 0.2% of total US population

65. Identity the assertion that is correct

In the US we have

A. More Hindus than Buddhists

B. More Buddhists than Hindus

C. More Buddhists than Muslims

D. More Muslims than Jews

 

66. “Man cannot live by the bread of science and politics alone; he also needs the

vitamins of ethics and morals, faith and hope, love and security, comfort and attention in

the face of death and misfortune, a feeling and experience that as a person he matters

infinitely, and assurance that he is not immediately ‘forgotten’ or even annihilated when

he dies. These are the elements that religion tries to offer… Religion makes a

contribution in man’s search for identity and security…”

This view was formulated by the following scholar of world religions

A. John S. Mbiti

B. Cantwell Smith

C. Wole Soyinka

D. Max Weber14

67. “Errors in Philosophy are ridiculous; But errors in Religion are dangerous.”

This statement was formulated by the following thinker

A. Cantwell Smith

B. Huston Smith

C. David Hume

D. Voltaire

 

68. “No peace among the nations without peace among the religions.

No peace among religions without dialogue between the religions.

No genuine dialogue among religions without an accurate knowledge of one another.”

This view was formulated by the following theologian:

A. Hans Kung

B. Karl Rahner

C. Karl Barth

D. Karl Marx

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