|Question 1 of 20||5.0 Points|
Which of the following is often seen as a benefit of federalism?
|A. It encourages hyperpluralism.|
|B. It allows states to function as laboratories of democracy and policy innovation.|
|C. It creates conflict between national and state governments.|
|D. It creates more opportunities for interest groups to wield influence|
|Question 2 of 20||5.0 Points|
Federalism is a way of organizing a nation so that __________ .
|A. power is centralized in state and local government|
|B. both national and state levels of government have some authority over the same land and people|
|C. there is one federal government and all regional governments are administrative subunits of it|
|D. power is centralized in the national government|
|Question 3 of 20||5.0 Points|
The September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks have had what impact on federal power?
|A. Federal power has declined.|
|B. Federal power has increased at first, but declined substantially in subsequent years.|
|C. The attacks had no noticeable impact on federal power.|
|D. Federal power has increased|
|Question 4 of 20||5.0 Points|
A major goal of the writers of the U.S. Constitution was to __________ .
|A. empower the national government|
|B. prohibit state governments|
|C. prohibit national government|
|D. empower local governments|
|Question 5 of 20||5.0 Points|
Which of the following is an example of a confederation?
|A. state governments in the United States|
|B. the United Nations|
|Question 6 of 20||5.0 Points|
In our federal system, the powers of the state governments are ultimately granted by __________ .
|A. their state’s Supreme Court|
|B. the people of their state|
|C. their state legislature|
|D. the United States Constitution|
|Question 7 of 20||5.0 Points|
The Constitution has a long list of enumerated federal powers, but few state powers are spelled out. This is because __________ .
|A. the Framers thought the federal government was redundant|
|B. states were designed to be subservient to the federal government|
|C. there was consensus on what the powers of the federal government should be but not on the powers of the states|
|D. states had all the power at the writing of the Constitution and a list was deemed unnecessary|
|Question 8 of 20||5.0 Points|
The most numerous forms of government in the United States are __________ .
|A. local county governments|
|B. local city governments|
|C. local school districts|
|D. local special districts|
The era of dual federalism ended with the __________ .
|A. Civil War|
|B. Great Depression|
|C. Sherman Anti-Trust Act|
|D. passage of the Fourteenth Amendment|
|Question 10 of 20||5.0 Points|
The full faith and credit clause __________ .
|A. allows Indians to establish casinos on reservation lands|
|B. allows immigrants to commit crimes if that behavior is legal in their country of origin|
|C. prohibits state action to ban gay marriage|
|D. has become a controversial issue in light of the recent legalization of gay marriage in some states|
|Question 11 of 20||5.0 Points|
The first true federal grant program funded __________ .
|A. roads and bridges|
|B. welfare and pension payments|
|C. land-grant colleges|
|Question 12 of 20||5.0 Points|
At the founding, the most important unit of government in the U.S. was the __________ .
|Question 13 of 20||5.0 Points|
In situations of conflict between state and national law, national law prevails due to __________ .
|B. the supremacy clause|
|C. the Tenth Amendment|
|D. the Bill of Rights|
|Question 14 of 20||5.0 Points|
A concurrent power of the U.S. federal system is __________ .
|A. setting the time and manner of elections|
|B. coining money|
|C. spending money for the general welfare|
|D. the ratification of constitutional amendments|
|Question 15 of 20||5.0 Points|
Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath is an example of __________ federalism.
|A. marble cake|
|B. layer cake|
|C. fruit cake|
|D. angel food cake|
|Question 16 of 20||5.0 Points|
Federalism refers to how power is distributed __________ .
|A. among the local governments of America|
|B. among the state governments|
|C. by a political system in which power is vested in the state governments|
|D. between national and state governments|
|Question 17 of 20||5.0 Points|
New Federalism favors __________ over __________ grants.
|A. block; categorical|
|B. categorical; block|
|C. funded mandates; categorical|
|D. block; funded mandates|
|Question 18 of 20||5.0 Points|
A recent trend in addressing problems such as public health and youth violence has been __________ .
|A. government consolidation and cooperation|
|B. home rule charters|
|C. commission governments|
|D. town meetings|
|Question 19 of 20||5.0 Points|
The belief that the national government should not exceed its enumerated powers and that all other powers should be reserved to the states or the people is known as __________ .
|A. the full faith and credit doctrine|
|B. the doctrine of implied powers|
|D. dual federalism|
|Question 20 of 20||5.0 Points|
The Framers created the federal system primarily to __________ .
|A. eliminate the power of the elite|
|B. establish a less democratic political system that was also efficient|
|C. establish a powerful central government and minimize the authority of state and local governments|
|D. remedy problems experienced by the Framers under the Articles of Confederation|
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